Did Jesus rise from the dead?

“Yes, after all…
  • Jesus's body went missing

      Jesus's body was gone from its post-crucifixion resting place. See this page to analyze 5 evidences,...
      • Jesus's corpse was gone from the tomb.
      • Critics never displayed the corpse.
      • The first Christians were saying, “it's gone!”.
      • The original “it's gone!” report wasn't a lie.
      • People were saying, “He resurrected!”.
      This is relevant because there is no easy naturalistic explanation of this fact. In fact, the naturalistic explanations of this and the other facts are arguably more improbable than God's miraculously choosing to raise Jesus from the dead.

      But so what if it went missing? Plausibly…
      Jesus's body was stolen?
      Jesus survived and left the grave on his own? (having survived crucifixion)
      • Humans transferred Jesus's body to a different grave? [Forthcoming]

  • People/groups insisted “He visited us!”

      Shortly after Jesus’s crucifixion, a variety of different persons/groups began to testify that Jesus appeared to them alive from the dead. This full article gives 7 examples/evidence.
      • E.g. “He visited us!” says Mary & women.
      • E.g. “He visited us!” says Cleopas & co.
      • E.g. “He appeared to me!” says Peter.
      • E.g. “He visited us!” say ‘the 12’ apostles.
      • E.g. “He visited us!”say ‘The 500’.
      • E.g. “He visited us!” say Acts 1 competitors.
      • E.g. “He appeared to me!” says James.
      • E.g. “He appeared to me!” says Paul.
      • 1st church’s Jesus-bio matched witness testimony.
      • The gospels Jesus-bio relayed witness testimony.
      This is relevant if there are no plausible alternative explanations for their experience. To the degree that their interpretation of their experience has the most power to explain their experience (over rival explanations), to a corresponding degree it is evidence for Jesus’s actually appearing to them alive from the dead, and therefore his resurrection.1

      But so what? Plausibly…
      They were lying.
      They were fooled: by Jesus who faked his death.
      • They were fooled: by a look-a-like impostor of Jesus.
      • They were fooled: by hallucination(s) of Jesus.
      They were fooled: by aliens (e.g. a hologram).

      And keep in mind…
      God would have Jesus appear to more than just the apostles.

      1. Stephen Davis: “The disciples were prepared neither psychologically nor theologically for the idea of the resurrection of the crucified Messiah, and the fact that they arrived at this idea so early and so confidently needs explanation.” [Risen Indeed(Eerdmans, 1993), 184.]
        Edward Schillebeeck: “[the disciples underwent] a process of repentance and conversion which it is no longer possible to reconstruct on a historical basis.” [Jesus: An Experiment in Christology (Crossroad Publishing Co., 1979), 387.]
  • “No, after all…
  • Dead people always stay dead

      Humans who die always naturally stay dead. See this page to analyze 2 reasons to agree:
      • We see an unbroken trend of humans staying dead.1
      • Natural mass cell revival is wildly improbable (violating entropy).2
      This is relevant because Jesus is a human who died. So, “A consistent modern view must say farewell to the resurrection of Jesus as a historical event.”1

      But so what? Plausibly,…
      • …God exists and had special reason to resurrect Jesus miraculously (i.e. non-naturally).1

      1. Jesus stands out (in history, character, etc.) as a chosen representative of God might. While God may have little reason to raise most individuals spontaneously in the middle of human history, He might nevertheless have reason to raise Jesus―to vindicate Jesus and his message. See Oxford philosopher Richard Swinburne's The Resurrection of God Incarnate (Oxford, 2003). He covers this question in depth and concludes that becoming incarnate and resurrecting is a kind of thing God might plausibly do if God existed.
      2. By way of response, however, the hypothesis is not that Jesus rose naturally from the dead. That, all parties agree, is absurd.
      3. Gerd Lüdemann, What Really Happened to Jesus (John Knox, 1995), 130.
  • Jesus had not died on the cross

      It is false that Jesus was exected by crucifixion on a Roman cross. This page analyzes 3 evidences, namely…
      • …the crucified rarely die within three hours.
      • …Jesus swooned on the cross.
      • …Jesus was not crucified.
      This is relevant because if Jesus survived, then he would have never been dead and therefore could not have resurrected.

      But no, see that page to also analyze these objections…
      • ...Jesus was first scourged, nearly to death.
      • ...crucifixion in general is fatal.
      • ...the executioner judged Jesus dead.
      • ...Jesus was speared in the side.
      • ...contemporaries never doubted it.
      • ...the buriers judged Jesus dead.

      But so what?
      • …He would have still died inside the tomb.

  • Jesus was resurrected by aliens

      Jesus was resurrected by aliens. This is relevant because if aliens raised Jesus, then he rose but his resurrection was natural; his resurrection was not a supernatural miracle wrought by God.

      But no, see this page for 5 reasons to disagree, namely…
      • …space-traveling aliens do not exist in the Universe.
      • …space-traveling aliens would not know we exist.
      • …aliens would have no desire to raise Jesus.
      • …aliens would not have the technology to resurrect humans.
      • …Jesus attributed the resurrection to God.

  • Jesus never existed

  • “God did-it” is not an explanation