Jesus's body was gone from its post-crucifixion resting place.
This article analyzes five evidences,...
• Jesus's corpse was gone from the tomb.
• Critics never displayed the corpse.
• The first Christians were saying, “it's gone!”.
• The original “it's gone!” report wasn't a lie.
• People were saying, “He resurrected!”.
This is relevant because there is no easy naturalistic explanation of this fact. In fact, the naturalistic explanations of this and the other facts are arguably more improbable than God's miraculously choosing to raise Jesus from the dead.
Shortly after Jesus’s crucifixion, a variety of different persons/groups began to testify that Jesus appeared to them alive from the dead.
This full article gives 7 examples/evidence.
• E.g. “He visited us!” says Mary & women.
• E.g. “He visited us!” says Cleopas & co.
• E.g. “He appeared to me!” says Peter.
• E.g. “He visited us!” say ‘the 12’ apostles.
• E.g. “He visited us!”say ‘The 500’.
• E.g. “He visited us!” say Acts 1 competitors.
• E.g. “He appeared to me!” says James.
• E.g. “He appeared to me!” says Paul.
• [1st church’s Jesus-bio matched witness testimony]().
• [The gospels Jesus-bio relayed witness testimony]().
This is relevant if there are no plausible alternative explanations for their experience. To the degree that their interpretation of their experience has the most power to explain their experience (over rival explanations), to a corresponding degree it is evidence for Jesus’s actually appearing to them alive from the dead, and therefore his resurrection.1
But so what? Plausibly…
• They were lying.
• They were fooled: by Jesus who faked his death.
• They were fooled: by a look-a-like impostor of Jesus.
• They were fooled: by hallucination(s) of Jesus.
• They were fooled: by aliens (e.g. a hologram).
And keep in mind…
• God would have Jesus appear to more than just the apostles.
Humans who die always naturally stay dead.
We can discuss 2 reasons to agree:
• We see an unbroken trend of humans staying dead.1
• Natural mass cell revival is wildly improbable (violating entropy).2
This is relevant because Jesus is a human who died. So, “A consistent modern view must say farewell to the resurrection of Jesus as a historical event.”1
It is false that Jesus was exected by crucifixion on a Roman cross.
This is relevant because if Jesus survived, then he would have never been dead and therefore could not have resurrected.
• ...Jesus was first scourged, nearly to death.
• ...crucifixion in general is fatal.
• ...the executioner judged Jesus dead.
• ...Jesus was speared in the side.
• ...contemporaries never doubted it.
• ...the buriers judged Jesus dead.
But so what?…
• …He would have still died inside the tomb.
Jesus was resurrected by aliens. This is relevant because if aliens raised Jesus, then he rose but his resurrection was natural; his resurrection was not a supernatural miracle wrought by God.
But no, we can discuss 5 reasons to disagree, namely…
• …space-traveling aliens do not exist in the Universe
• …space-traveling aliens would not know we exist
• …aliens would have no desire to raise Jesus
• …aliens would not have the technology to resurrect humans
• …Jesus attributed the resurrection to God
Jesus is not a real historical figure.
This is relevant because if Jesus never existed, then he could not have actually risen from the dead.
Theistic explanation is illegitimate; real potential explanations cannot feature God.
This article analyzes eight evidences.
• “God-did-it” is just an appeal to ignorance-gaps.
• “God-did-it” is just an appeal to magic.
• Explanations don't compound the mystery.
• Explanations don't explain “too much”.
• Meaningful claims are verifiable (by senses).
• Meaningful claims are falsifiable/testable.
• Explanations cite effective mechanisms.
• Explanations are unificationist.
This is relevant because if miracles are not genuine historical explanations, then no miracle can be the solution to explaining this or that data. In other words, there can be no evidence for the resurrection, and so it would seem to be an unjustifiable belief.
But no, God can theoretically feature in a real potential explanation…
• All agree: outlandish evidences for God could warrant theistic conclusions.
• Theism does best explain some facts.
• Theism can be rational.