Jesus's body was gone from its post-crucifixion resting place.
This article analyzes five evidences,...
• Jesus's corpse was gone from the tomb.
• Critics never displayed the corpse.
• The first Christians were saying, “it's gone!”.
• The original “it's gone!” report wasn't a lie.
• People were saying, “He resurrected!”.
This is relevant because there is no easy naturalistic explanation of this fact. In fact, the naturalistic explanations of this and the other facts are arguably more improbable than God's miraculously choosing to raise Jesus from the dead.
The Apostles, Paul, Mary, etc. proclaimed that “We physically met with Jesus after he died!”
This full article gives 7 examples.
Specifically, “He appeared…:
• …to me” says Peter.
• …to me” says Paul.
• …to me” says Mary.[These others forthcoming]
• …to me” says James.
• …to me” says Cleopas and companion.
• …to us” (together) say the 12 apostles.
• …to us” say the 500.
This is relevant because their belief has no easy naturalistic explanation.1(Note: this is what distinguishes the case for Jesus's resurrection from competing miracle claims of other religions. In the case of other miracle claims, easy plausible naturalistic explanations abound which cannot be ruled out.)
But so what? Plausibly…
• …they were lying?
• …they were fooled…
• …by Jesus himself who faked his death on the cross?
• …by a look-a-like impostor of Jesus?
• …by hallucination(s) of Jesus?
• …by aliens or a hologram?
• …by a convincing false-memory of seeing/talking with Jesus?
• …by an objective/divine vision?
And keep in mind…
• …God would have Jesus appear to more than just the apostles.
• Stephen Davis: “The disciples were prepared neither psychologically nor theologically for the idea of the resurrection of the crucified Messiah, and the fact that they arrived at this idea so early and so confidently needs explanation.” [Risen Indeed(Eerdmans, 1993), 184.]
• Edward Schillebeeck: “[the disciples underwent] a process of repentance and conversion which it is no longer possible to reconstruct on a historical basis.” [Jesus: An Experiment in Christology (Crossroad Publishing Co., 1979), 387.]
The Apostles/Paul/Mary/others publicly maintained “Jesus eschatologically resurrected (c. AD 30/ºEaster)!”
For 4 example…
• …“he's resurrected,” says Peter.
• …“he's resurrected,” says Paul.
• …“he's resurrected,” says Mary.
• …“he's resurrected,” says James.
This is relevant because, for 1st century Jews, non-eschatological interpretations of Jesus's returning would make more sense.1 On the other hand, if Jesus rose and presented himself as having eschatologically resurrected, then the disciples' otherwise wild belief makes sense.
But so what? Plausibly…
• They hallucinated Jesus and mislabelled it a resurrection?
Humans who die always naturally stay dead.
We can discuss 2 reasons to agree:
• We see an unbroken trend of humans staying dead.1
• Natural mass cell revival is wildly improbable (violating entropy).2
This is relevant because Jesus is a human who died.
It is false that Jesus was exected by crucifixion on a Roman cross.
This is relevant because if Jesus survived, then he would have never been dead and therefore could not have resurrected.
• ...Jesus was first scourged, nearly to death.
• ...crucifixion in general is fatal.
• ...the executioner judged Jesus dead.
• ...Jesus was speared in the side.
• ...contemporaries never doubted it.
• ...the buriers judged Jesus dead.
But so what?…
• …He would have still died inside the tomb.
Jesus was resurrected by aliens. This is relevant because if aliens raised Jesus, then he rose but his resurrection was natural; his resurrection was not a supernatural miracle wrought by God.
But no, we can discuss 5 reasons to disagree, namely…
• …space-traveling aliens do not exist in the Universe
• …space-traveling aliens would not know we exist
• …aliens would have no desire to raise Jesus
• …aliens would not have the technology to resurrect humans
• …Jesus attributed the resurrection to God
Jesus is not a real historical figure.
This is relevant because if Jesus never existed, then he could not have actually risen from the dead.