Jesus was crucified in c. AD 30. Shortly after Jesus's death, the apostles of Jesus were testifying to having experienced Jesus appearing to them. Rather than telling the truth when they reported their experience, were they in fact lying?
• Gary Habermas (Professor at Liberty) “On the state of Resurrection studies today, I recently completed an overview of more than 1,400 sources on the resurrection of Jesus published since 1975. I studied and cataloged about 650 of these texts in English, German, and French. Some of the results of this study are certainly intriguing. For example, perhaps no fact is more widely recognized than that early Christian believers had real experiences that they thought were appearances of the risen Jesus. A critic may claim that what they saw were hallucinations or visions, but he does not deny that they actually experienced something.” (See details in Gary R. Habermas, “Resurrection Research from 1975 to the Present: What Are Critical Scholars Saying?” Philosophia Christi, forthcoming.) [The Case for the Resurrection of Jesus (Kregal, 2004), 60.] [Note: Licona 2010, p. 278. says Gary's list is now “in the neighborhood of 3,400 sources.”]
• Dictionary of Jesus and the Gospels: “Of this fact, however, all historians are confident: that very shortly after Jesus was crucified, his disciples became convinced by multiple visionary appearances of Jesus [veridical or not]… that God had restored his life and ushered him into the heavenly world.” [Joel Green, Scot McKnight, I. Howard Marshall (IVP Academic, 1992), 557.]
And so forth.1