A severely injured Jesus would not have seemed to witnesses like he had been “resurrected.” This explodes the swoon theory because, as noted by David Strauss:
“It is impossible that a being who had stolen half-dead out of the sepulcher, who crept about weak and ill, wanting medical treatment, who required bandaging, strengthening and indulgence, and who still at least yielded to his sufferings, could have given to the disciples the impression that he was a Conqueror over death and the grave, the Prince of Life, and impression which lay at the bottom of their future ministry. Such a resuscitation could only have weakened the impression which he had made upon them in life and in death, at the most could only have given it an elegiac voice, but could by no possibility have changed their sorrow into enthusiasm, have elevated their reverence into worship.”1, 2
Jesus would not even try to convince the apostles that he had resurrected.1
Ernest Hermitage Day (c. 1946): “For if Christ had appeared to the disciples as One recovered from a swoon He would have explained the circumstances. They believed Him to be risen from the dead: if they were self-deceived, or the prey of illusions, he must needs have undeceived them, or be Himself account such a deceiver as the Jews had accused him of being. …if the swoon-theory be accepted, it is necessary to eliminate from the Gospels and Acts the whole of the Ascension-narrative, and to account for the sudden cessation of Christ's appearances by the supposition that He withdrew Himself from them completely, to live and die in absolute seclusion, leaving them with a whole series of false impressions concerning His Own Person, and their mission from Him to the world.” [On the Evidence for the Resurrection (Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge, 1906), 50.]
• Jesus at most would try to convince the apostles that God had miraculously brought him back to life—a resuscitation. This is very different from the “resurrection” (ανάστασις; anástasis) that the apostles attributed to Jesus. The latter was a technical term in Jewish eschatology, and it was understood to apply to all men[Forthcoming] and at the end of history[Forthcoming].
• Jesus would have appeared half-dead, needing medical attention, and he would have known that the apostles would consequently see exactly what had happened: Jesus had merely, and not supernaturally, survived crucifixion. God did nothing. Jesus would know the apostles could no longer take seriously the idea that God was with him.
• One can very plausibly think that Jesus would not risk being seen again. At the very least, a swooned Jesus would tread carefully. That is to say, even if a swooned Jesus looked healthy (as if divinely revived) etc. and was willing to re-appear in public (very questionable), he would not choose to announce the time/location of any such appearances in the way reported in the gospels (e.g. resulting in a crowd waiting for him at Galilee [Mt 28:16-19]). After all, Jesus would know both (a) the obvious fact that his survival would be considered by Jews as a miraculous/divine vindication of Jesus's messiahship, and (b) that Romans, being aware of this, would re-double their efforts to find and have Jesus executed (Jesus would be judged many times more threatening than he was originally).
Jesus really died on the cross. [Full article].1
• ...Jesus was first scourged, nearly to death.
• ...crucifixion in general is fatal.
• ...the executioner judged Jesus dead.
• ...Jesus was speared in the side.
• ...contemporaries never doubted it.
• ...the buriers judged Jesus dead.
This explodes the swoon theory because, by definition, the theory entaisl at least that Jesus survived so that later he falsely could present himself as having resurrected.