Soon after Jesus’s crucifixion, were traditional witnesses testifying that Jesus appeared to them alive from the dead?

“Yes, after all…
  • • E.g. “He visited us!” says Mary & women
  • • E.g. “He visited us!” says Cleopas & co
  • • E.g. “He visited me!” says Peter
  • • E.g. “He visited us!” say ‘the 12’ apostles
  • • E.g. “He group-visited us!” say 200+ “brethren”
  • • E.g. “He visited me!” says James
  • • E.g. “He visited us!” say Acts 1 apostle-competitors

      The competitors for being the 12th apostle, referred to in Acts 1, consists of a large pool of well-known witnesses to the risen Jesus, including the finalists: “Joseph called Barsabbas (who was also called Justus), and Matthias”.1 , 2

      1. Acts 1:21-26Therefore it is necessary that of the men who have accompanied us all the time that the Lord Jesus went in and out among us— 22 beginning with the baptism of John until the day that He was taken up from us—one of these must become a witness with us of His resurrection.” 23 So they put forward two men, Joseph called Barsabbas (who was also called Justus), and Matthias.... And they drew lots for them, and the lot fell to Matthias; and he was added to the eleven apostles.
      2. Importantly, this group consisted of men. But women and children would've also been witnesses who were simply left out of the competition due to their age and gender.
        Timothy and Lydia McGrew: “In passing we should note that the election of Matthias supports Paul’s contention (1 Corinthians 15:1–8) that Jesus after his resurrection appeared to a larger number of people than the eleven. The account in Acts shows that despite some fairly specific requirements, Peter has his pick among candidates for Judas’s replacement: … The disciples appoint Matthias and Joseph called Justus to be the finalists, and they draw lots for Judas’s vacant position. Not only does this account give us the name of another putative witness (Joseph), it also can plausibly be taken to imply that there were more to choose from originally who met the requirements (cf. Trites 2004, p. 137).” [“The Argument from Miracles” in The Blackwell Companion to Natural Theology (Blackwell, 2009), 610-611.]
  • • E.g. “He visited me!” says Paul
  • 1st church’s Jesus-bio matched witness testimony

      The 1st church was saying Jesus visited the traditional witnesses. See this full article to debate these 6 examples:
      • E.g. 1st church said: “Jesus visited Mary.”
      • E.g. 1st church said: “Jesus visited cleopas & co.”
      • E.g. 1st church said: “Jesus appeared to Peter.”
      • E.g. 1st church said: “Jesus visited the 12.”
      • E.g. 1st church says, “Jesus appeared to James.”
      • E.g. 1st church says, “Jesus appeared to the 500.”
      This is relevant if the 1st church started and kept preaching that Jesus appeared to witnesses (e.g. Mary and the apostles).

  • The gospels relayed witness testimony