In general, the alleged witnesses of Jesus’s post-mortem appearances did not simply hallucinate Jesus.
See forthcoming article to discuss 7 arguments for this claim: [All Forthcoming]
This is relevant because Paul was one of the alleged witnesses, and these counter evidences apply to his case.
Paul denies that Jesus appeared non-physically (e.g. intra-mentally), insisting instead that what appeared to him was quite physical and extra-mental; it was Jesus in the flesh, and so externally perceptible. It was not a mere vision or epiphany.
This page analyzes these 8 arguments:
This is relevant, because if Paul hallucinated, it would’ve been either through a visual hallucination or non-visual hallucination (e.g. an epiphany), and neither of these is compatible with Paul’s understanding of the event.
The circumstances surrounding conversion and subsequent ministry appear blatantly supernatural, dripping with ties to Jesus Christ’s supernatural power.
A full page will analyze these 6 arguments:
This is relevant because it was be awkward this supernatural life was prefaced by a mistaken non-miraculous hallucination of Jesus’ appearing to Paul and converting him.
Paul did not initially know the identity of the figure; at first he was confused as to who it was.
This is relevant because if it were an hallucination of Paul’s (produced by his own psyche), it seems more likely that Paul would just inherently know (e.g. by psychological intuition) what it was that he was seeing in his mind. In fact, even if the figure looked nothing like Jesus, the hallucinator would plausibly just know.
According to Paul, his experience was squarely located within his mind; he thinks Jesus “appeared” to him personally in a vision or something else intra-mental like and epiphany.
This page analyzes 3 arguments:
This is relevant because while a physical appearance would be harder to explain as a hallucination, a non-physical appearance would fit quite nicely.
Paul was cognitively poised to hallucinate Jesus’s appearing, due to one or more psychological tensions or conditions he suffered from.
For example…[All forthcoming]
It is just plainly false that Jesus Christ was raised from the dead by God.
This page analyzes these 4 arguments:
This is relevant, because if Jesus didn’t rise from the dead, then hallucination is the next best explanation on offer for the so-called “appearance” that resulted in Paul's conversion.