In AD 30/31 the tiny city of “Bethsaida” was barely known outside of Galilee (a region of Palestine),1 and in that year it's name was changed to “Julia.”2 This is relevant because the city played a key role in the Gospels, and in the Gospels the characters all know the city still as Bethsaida rather than Julia.3 That means the content of the Gospels is very fine-tuned indeed to AD 30 Palestine.
In the Gospels, Jesus spoke and argued in ways that mirrored contemporary Jewish rhetoric right around the time of AD 30.
If true, this is relevant because…
• Craig Keener: “Ancient novels usually reflect the environment of their authors far better than the environment in which the story is set. This tendency is true also of many later apocryphal gospels…1 By contrast, many of Jesus’s reported sayings in the Synoptics (and for that matter, some in John) address a setting that fits Jesus’s particular geographic or chronological milieu, even though these Gospels, too, are written for a later audience… These features likely reflect an origin far earlier than Mark’s…” [Christobiography (Eerdmans, 2019), 318.]
The Gospel-recorded debates Jesus engaged in with the pharisees actually super-fit rabbinic interests exactly in c. AD 30 Palestine.
The Gospels causally reference several known people in AD 30 Palestine
Gospel events puzzle-piece fit deep background truths of AD 30 Palestine.
Incidental details in the Gospels are fine-tuned to local knowledge and experience in AD 30 Palestine.
The Gospels fail to even display incidental assumptions/details fine-tuned to a Palestinian milieu.
• Gospels cite 100+ known rulers, sites, etc.
• In Gospels all & only Palestine pop-names get clarity.
• NT name-ratios precisely match Palestine’s.
• Jesus’ Gospel sayings super-retrovert from Greek to Aramaic.
• Gospel details reveal coherent-smart travel-plans.
• E.g. Hope for a “Messiah” was hyper-Jewish (e.g. Peter’s cutting ear).
• E.g. The Jesus-HighPriest exchange was hyper-Jewish.
• E.g. Gospel society super-fits Palestine.
• E.g. Gospel set-pieces super-fit Palestine.
• E.g. Gospel pricings super-fit Palestine.
• E.g. Galilee Consideration of acoustics in that area.
• Hope for a “Messiah” (Kingly, e.g. Peter’s cutting ear).