Examples exist where Paul writes of Jesus, “the Lord said” etc. and quotes him.
- 1 Cor 7:10 — “not I, but the Lord [Jesus said], that the wife should not leave her husband” (cf. Mt 5:32)
- 1 Cor 9:14 — “the Lord directed those who proclaim the gospel to get their living from the gospel” and 1 Tim 5:18 (cf. Lk 10:7 — Stay in that house, eating and drinking what they give you; for the laborer is worthy of his wages. Do not keep moving from house to house. Also Mt 10:10)
- Rom 14:14 — I know and am convinced in the Lord Jesus that nothing is unclean in itself; but to him who thinks anything to be unclean, to him it is unclean.
- 1 Thes 4:15 - For this we say to you by the word of the Lord, that we who are alive and remain until the coming of the Lord, will not precede those who have fallen asleep.
- 1 Thes 5:2-11 — For you yourselves know full well that the day of the Lord will come just like a thief in the night. While they are saying, “Peace and safety!” then destruction will come upon them suddenly like labor pains upon a woman with child, and they will not escape. But you, brethren, are not in darkness, that the day would overtake you like a thief; for you are all sons of light and sons of day. We are not of night nor of darkness; so then let us not sleep as others do, but let us be alert and sober. For those who sleep do their sleeping at night, and those who get drunk get drunk at night. But since we are of the day, let us be sober, having put on the breastplate of faith and love, and as a helmet, the hope of salvation. For God has not destined us for wrath, but for obtaining salvation through our Lord Jesus Christ, who died for us, so that whether we are awake or asleep, we will live together with Him. Therefore encourage one another and build up one another, just as you also are doing.
In the same breathe (Romans 13:6-9), Paul quotes two very different things Jesus said on different occasions.
Paul quotes Jesus on…
- Romans 13:6-7 — For because of this you also pay taxes, for rulers are servants of God, devoting themselves to this very thing. Render to all what is due them: tax to whom tax is due; custom to whom custom; fear to whom fear; honor to whom honor.
- Rom 13:9 — “if there is any other commandment, it is summed up in this saying, ‘You shall love your neighbor as yourself.’”
This will cover a mountain of examples, but I have not written it up yet.
Examples show Paul echoing sayings of Jesus1 This is relevant because these sayings are generally teachings of Jesus
Paul aimed to teach Jesus what Jesus taught
- 1 Corinthians 7:25 — “Now concerning virgins I have no command of the Lord, but I give an opinion as one who by the mercy of the Lord is trustworthy.”