Did Paul think that Jesus’s appearance was merely an epiphany-like revelation (exclusively non-visual and in his heart/mind)?

“Yes, after all…
  • Paul: “Jesus physically appeared to me”
  • [A feeling would not convert Paul]

      [Brackets] mean forthcoming.

      But no...
      • Paul was psychologically prepared to convert.

  • “Ophthe” (pass.) implies visuality, vision or not


  • “No, after all…
  • Gal 1:12 (“revelation”) = intra-mental
  • Gal 1:16 “His Son in me” = intra-mentally

      In Galatians 1:16, when Paul says that God “revealed His son in me,” is Paul intending to communicate that the Jesus appearance he received was mystical, ecstatic, or vision-like (perhaps even psychological).

      • Gal 1:16 says “IN me,” not “TO me”

      This is relevant because if Paul felt Jesus only was revealed intra-mentally during the appearance, then he would not have simultaneously thought it was a physical appearance.

      But so what?
      • “in me” sounds non-visual, but Paul had a visual experience.

  • 2 Cor 4:1-6 (“shown in our hearts”) = Jesus’ appearance to Paul

      In 2 Corinthians 4:1-6, when Paul says Jesus “shone in our hearts,” is he referring to some epiphany-like subjective illumination that constituted his experience of Jesus’ appearing to him?

      A forthcoming article outlines at least 2 evidences:
      • “Face” refers to Paul’s recognizing Jesus on Damascus.
      • Pauls’ Damascus road experience also involved light.

      This is relevant because “shown in our hearts” is straightforwardly subjective (not physically perceptible to others).

      But no…
      When Paul says “our,” he includes Timothy etc.
      • In Acts, Jesus’ visit was not simply in Paul’s “heart”
      Paul’s conversion was shocking (not warm)
      • Context: it’s the “light of the gospel” that “shone”
      • This sounds non-visual, but Paul had a visual experience.

      And so what?
      • In Acts, the light from heaven was extra-mental.
      • It would be a miracle in its own right if such an “insight” could do the things this one did!

  • Paul’d detail what he saw in 1 Cor 15

      If Paul’s experience were extra-mental, then he would’ve outlined what precisely he saw in 1 Corinthians 15. [Forthcoming]