The corpse's linen wrappings (feet-to-chest) were still all together, rather than scattered.1 This is relevant because a removal by natural means, especially by the hands of thieves, would sooner result in the wrappings being unceremoniously tossed aside.
• Henry Latham (Master of Trinity Hall, Cambridge): “[If the wrappings were lying where the legs and torso were, with a necks-worth of space separating them from the face-cloth which was located where the head was], the expression is perfectly clear; but if the linen cloths had been lying, one here and one there, as though they had been thrown hastily aside, there would have been no meaning in saying that the napkin was “not lying with the linen cloths,” for the “linen cloths” would not have defined any particular spot.” [The Risen Master (Cambridge, 1901), 44.]Notably, it is unlikely that John was lying here, and evidence suggests he was a first-hand eyewitness of the grave-clothes. [Forthcoming]
The grave spices were still tucked within the folds of the linen wrappings, rather than scattered.1 This is relevant for the following reason:
• Henry Latham (Master of Trinity Hall, Cambridge): “If the body had been disrobed… the spice would have been found on the floor; now it was not so found, and I am driven to suppose therefore that it remained concealed in the folds of the grave-clothes, which it could not have done if they had not retained their position on the slab; for if the body had risen, or has been raised in an erect posture, it would have fallen down.” [The Risen Master (Cambridge, 1901), 46.]
• Murray Harris (NT professor at TIU, Cambridge): “Why would anyone stealing the body bother to unwind and then fold or rewind the several yards of linen cloth that encircled the corpse (cf. Jn 20:6-7)?” [From Grave to Glory (Zondervan, 1990), 117.]
The empty grave-clothes looked like they had not been emptied/removed by human hands.1
• The narrative in John's Gospel carefully describes the configuration of the clothes (v7-8), suggesting already that there was something special about it (a quality which removal by human hands does not have).
• Rather than concluding theft, witnesses of the configured grave-clothes either “believed” or “marveled,” and simply “went away again to their homes.”2